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The process of eliminating toxins from polluted places caused by industrial, manufacturing, mining, and commercial activity is known as remediation. From detection, investigation, assessment, determination of remedial measures, actual clean-up, and site rebuilding, remediation is an all-encompassing step process of land restoration. To lessen the environmental impact, dirty or contaminated soil, sediment, surface water, or groundwater is removed during remediation. Environmental remediation is carried out on soil, sediment, groundwater, and surface water, among other environmental media. The process of eliminating toxins from water is known as water remediation. Pollutants dumped directly into the water or drainage from the ground can contaminate surface water in lakes, streams, and rivers. Contaminants seeping through the soil and sediment above it can damage groundwater, which is the underground water that saturates porous material. Groundwater pollution has also happened as a result of industrial practices including mining and natural gas and oil drilling. Soil remediation refers to methods for cleaning and revitalizing the soil. Many of the same variables that cause groundwater pollution also cause soil contamination. Soil and groundwater are frequently affected by the same source, necessitating simultaneous remediation. Chemical spills, industrial activity, and the use of certain fertilizers and pesticides can all lead to soil pollution. In-situ and ex-situ environmental remediation are two different types of environmental remediation. Ex-situ remediation includes excavating soil or sediment and treating it before returning it to its original state, whereas in-situ remediation involves treating contamination on the site without removing soil. Environmental remediation is the process of removing toxins from the environment.
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