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Meteorology is the branch of science that studies the atmosphere and its phenomena, such as weather and climate. Meteorology is concerned with the study of the troposphere and lower stratosphere in particular. Meteorology is the scientific study of weather and its causes, and it is used to forecast the weather. Meteorologists are commonly thought of as weather forecasters. They study maps, satellite data, and radar data to analyze the physical characteristics of the atmosphere above them. They also compare weather data from local, regional, and international sources. Marine weather forecasting, as it relates to maritime and coastal safety, is an important branch of weather forecasting, in which weather effects also involve atmospheric interactions with enormous bodies of water. The significance of meteorological research can be felt in a variety of ways. Droughts, for example, cause water shortages, crop loss, reduced river flow rates, and increased wildfire risk. Furthermore, these effects may result in river passage restrictions, saltwater infiltration in aquifers and coastal bays, stress on diverse plant and animal species, population shifts, economic hardship, and even political instability. Because of the important importance of weather on human activities, the unreliable science of weather forecasting has developed. Water in the atmosphere changes back and forth between solid, liquid, and gas in a very complex manner makes this research domain very challenging. The equations employed in dynamic meteorology have been drastically altered as a result of these advancements.
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