Oceanography is the study of the ocean's physical, chemical, and biological characteristics, as well as the ocean's ancient history, current state, and future. The function of oceanographers may be more vital now than it has ever been, as the ocean is endangered by climate change and pollution, coasts are crumbling, and entire species of marine life are on the verge of extinction. Biological oceanography is, in fact, one of the most important branches of oceanography today. It is the study of the plants and animals that live in the ocean, as well as their interactions with the marine environment. However, oceanography includes more than just research and study. It's also about leveraging that data to assist leaders in making informed decisions regarding policies that affect ocean health. Oceanography has influenced how humans use the sea for transportation, food, energy, water, and a variety of other purposes. Oceanography is concerned with more than just the sea's living species. Geological oceanography is a discipline of oceanography that studies the creation of the seabed and how it evolves through time. The study of the interactions between the bottom, the coastline, and the atmosphere is known as physical oceanography. Chemical oceanography, on the other hand, is the study of seawater's chemical composition and how it is changed by weather, human activity, and other variables.


  •     Biological oceanography
  •     Geological oceanography 
  •     Physical oceanography 
  •     Chemical oceanography
  •     Biological Carbon Pump, Particle Pumps and Microbial Carbon Pump 
  •     Biogeochemistry in Ancient Oceans
  •     Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions
  •     Tropical Cyclone-Ocean Interactions
  •     Coastal and Estuarine Biology 
  •     Water Quality Monitoring 
  •     Microbial carbon and nitrogen cycle
  •     Organic Matter and Trace Elements
  •     Marine ecosystems and Biodiversity
  •     Ocean Exploration Technology
  •     Marine photochemistry and photobiology
  •     Climate and Ocean Change
  •     Ocean Data Science, Analytics, and Management
  •     Artificial Intelligence in Ocean Modelling
  •     Ocean Technologies and Observatories