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The study of the Earth's structure, qualities, processes, and four and a half billion years of biotic development is known as Earth science. The terms "earth science" and "atmospheric science," "hydrology," and "oceanography" or "ocean sciences" are frequently used interchangeably. Understanding these occurrences is critical to the survival of life on Earth. The goal of this research domain is to improve our understanding of the Earth's changing environments and the natural distribution of mineral, water, biota, and energy resources, as well as to develop methods for predicting and mitigating the effects of geologic hazards like earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, and landslides. Earth scientists' knowledge of the structure and chemical makeup of the earth's crust, as well as the services they provide, assist us in locating resources that sustain and improve quality of life. Understanding the pressures in the crust and natural processes on the surface allows us to predict natural disasters such as volcanoes and earthquakes, as well as geologic situations such as destructive mining practices or incorrect waste disposal. Finally, a broad understanding of planetary physics will enable humans to predict large changes in global environmental conditions and manage or adapt to them.
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