Waste materials are recycled, recovered, and reprocessed for use in new goods. The gathering of waste materials, their processing or production into new products, and the purchase of those items, which can then be recycled, is the basic processes in recycling. Internal and external recycling operations are the two main types of recycling operations. Internal recycling is the reuse of materials that are a waste product of a manufacturing process within that process. The advantages are numerous, and everyone benefits when people recycle on a regular basis. The benefits of a well-maintained recycling program are numerous, whether it is a community effort to help beautify a dirty neighborhood street or on a bigger scale to assist a corporation save hundreds to thousands of dollars on waste management. Recycling can assist to minimize the amount of solid waste dumped in landfills, which are becoming increasingly costly. Recycling also minimizes garbage disposal-related contamination of the air, water, and land.


  •     Mechanical Recycling
  •     Energy Recycling
  •     Chemical Recycling
  •     Ferrous metals and Nonferrous metals
  •     Construction and demolition waste
  •     Domestic refuse
  •     Benefits of Recycling
  •     Environmental practice and policy
  •     Recycling Basics
  •     Electronic or “e-waste”
  •     Paper and Plastic  Recycling
  •     Food and Agricultural Waste Recycling
  •     Industrial Waste Recycling
  •     Waste water recycling
  •     Chemical waste recycling
  •     Advanced Recycling: Physical & Chemical
  •     Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)
  •     Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) / Ocean Waste