The study of the physics of the Earth and its environs in space is known as geophysics. Geophysics is a key part of the Earth sciences that studies the Earth using physics principles and methods. The temperature distribution of the Earth's interior; the source, configuration, and changes of the geomagnetic field; and large-scale characteristics of the terrestrial crust, such as rifts, continental sutures, and mid-oceanic ridges, are all topics covered by geophysics. Modern geophysical research includes phenomena in the Earth's atmosphere's outer layers, as well as the physical attributes of other planets and their satellites. Geophysics is used to meet social needs such as mineral exploration, natural disaster mitigation, and environmental protection. Geophysical survey data is used in exploration geophysics to assess areas for environmental remediation, discover groundwater, find archaeological relics, calculate the thickness of glaciers and soils, and study possible petroleum reservoirs and mineral resources.


  •     Computational Geophysics
  •     Experimental Geophysics
  •     Geosphere
  •     Cosmology and Planetary Science
  •     Remote Sensing/GIS
  •     GPS and Photogrammetry
  •     Earth's Interior Physics
  •     Exploration Geophysics
  •     Geodynamics
  •     Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
  •     Geomagnetism
  •     Geoacoustics
  •     Radioactive Geophysics
  •     Seismology
  •     From Biophysics to Adaptation to Novel Proxies
  •     Engineering Geophysical Methods
  •     Geothermal & Hydrogeophysics
  •     Special Applications in Geophysics
  •     Advanced Geophysical Imaging and Characterization Methods
  •     Dynamo theory
  •     Marine geophysics